04‏/04‏/2011

Pyramids



Pyramids of Giza Plateau pyramids located in Giza City (Memphis or Memphis) in Egypt, the West Bank of the Nile. Was built around 2480 - 2550 BC. M, which is about three pyramids: Cheops Pyramid and the Pyramid of Khafre and Menkaure Pyramid.

These pyramids are the tombs of ownership of each of them bears the name of the king who built and buried it after his death, and building the pyramid here is the stage of the evolution of building tombs in ancient Egypt and started a hole small turned into a chamber under the ground and then to a few rooms topped by a terrace and then evolved to take the form of pyramid by architect Imhotep, the Minister of Pharaoh Djoser in the Third Dynasty pyramid found in the necropolis of Saqqara, followed by the attempts of the king Bent founder of the Fourth Dynasty to build a pyramid full, but the back of pyramids is Salimi shape and are located at Dahshur one flat base and the other took the form smaller half-sized , and was able to engineer Hmeono engineer to reach King Cheops pyramid shape of the ideal and the construction of the pyramid of Cheops at Giza area of ​​13 acres and was followed by a pyramid of Khafre and Menkaure.






One of the seven wonders of the world and occupies an area of ​​13 acres and the original height of 146 meters and is currently almost 137 m and along the rib base 230 meters. As for the weights of cut stones range between tons and eight tons or more.

Building the Great Pyramid took almost twenty years and building corridors and the lower parts of the pyramid ten years and that, according to the Greek historian Herodotus, who visited Egypt in the fourth century BC, after more than 2000 years of building the pyramid and heard these stories and other Some priests and narrators.


Pyramid largest is Mount industrial weighing six million five hundred thousand tons, which is made of stones, each weighing twelve tons, and these stones Court Paving and settings to a half a millimeter, and this really deserves all the admiration for the ancient Egyptian civilization, but it is much larger, pyramid is one of the biggest puzzles that have faced since the beginning of human civilization. Has claimed a lot of people that just a cemetery luxury of the king (Cheops), but modern scientists now believe that this is an object of ridicule, has been building the Great Pyramid for the purpose of a higher and greater than that much evidence for this is that the facts amazing enjoy this great edifice, which collected (Charles Smith) in the famous book (our heritage at the Great Pyramid) in 1864, do you know that the height of the pyramid multiplied by one billion is equal to 14.967 million km, the distance between the Earth and the sun, the orbit that passes from the center of the pyramid divides the continents of the world into two equal halves completely, and that the basis the pyramid divided by twice the height gives us a number (for Odolf) famous (3.14) and is located in the calculators, and elements of the pyramid of four heading to the four directions in the accuracy of so amazing that some scientists objected days under the pretext of the existence of angle deviation are few cardinal, but after the discovery of devices modern electronic measurement proved that the angles of the pyramid is the most correct and accurate.





Pyramid of Khafre is one of the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt. Built by King Khafre, the fourth king of the Fourth Dynasty son of King Khufu. He married Princess Ankh berths. The rule of twenty-six years old. Built the second pyramid of Giza, which is lower than his father's pyramid (Cheops). Height of 136 meters. Built over an area 215 meters square. With two entrances on the north side. And still retains part of the Foreign Ksute at the top.

And is located southwest of the pyramid of Khafre, Khufu's pyramid of his father. And a height of 143.5 meters and the length of each side of 215.5 meters, and the inclination angle 53.10. Located at ground level, leading to the entrance corridor downtrend, the roof of the granite and the angle of descent 22. And ends at the barricade leading to the horizontal corridor, then ramp leads to the compartment called the wrong burial chamber is empty carved in the rock, and leads to barricade the corridor last rise to the top horizontal corridor ends burial room, this room roof Jamalone constructed with limestone, are almost the middle of the pyramid, the pyramid of Khafre was the name of the (great).






Menkaure Pyramid or Pyramid of King Kao Ra (Menkaure) is one of the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt. Built by the son of King Khafre. The length of each side of the ribs 5108 meters and a height of 65.5 meters and 62 meters now. And the inclination angle 51 ° 20'25 ". And the north entrance. Rise 4 meters above ground level. And leads to a corridor 31 meters long downtrend. And the angle of descent is simple. Built of limestone, granite and roof. And at the end of a corridor lined with stone, lead to a horizontal corridor three barricades after the burial chamber. Bhaaly found a wooden coffin with his name and has reserved the British Museum mummy. Fired (Menkaure) on the pyramid name (Bible).


The scientists observed that it contains a gap small circular to a maximum diameter of 20 cm and enables archaeologists to know the secret of the existence of the gap after noticing a very accurate, as it was found that sunlight entering through the gap, one day only in the year and on the tomb of the pharaoh of Kaora completely and even odder that this Today marks the birthday gala Pharaoh!!!

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